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Predictive Value of Various Nutritional Screening and Assesment Tools and a Surgery Scoring System (POSSUM Score) for Predicting Postoperative Complications in Patients Scheduled for Abdominal Surgery.
FALCON is a Pragmatic multi-centre trial testing measures to reduce superficial or deep skin infection following abdominal surgery in low and middle income countries. The trial will recruit patients undergoing abdominal surgery. Recruited participants will be randomly assigned to four arms to receive different combinations of skin preparation and sutures for would closure: A. In this arm surgeon will use 2% alcoholic chlorhexidine for skin cleansing and non-coated suture for wound closure; B. In this arm surgeon will use 2% alcoholic chlorhexidine for skin cleansing and triclosan coated suture for wound closure; C. In this arm surgeon will use for operation 10% aqueous povidone-iodine for skin cleansing and non-coated suture for wound closure; D. In this arm surgeon will use 10% aqueous povidone-iodine for skin cleansing and triclosan-coated suture.
To determine the effect of post-operative abdominal binder usage on total narcotic usage after undergoing surgery. To determine if abdominal binder usage results in decreased visual analog scale (VAS) pain scores and shorter time to first ambulation post operatively.
Subjects who are planned to undergo an abdominal (colon) surgery and who will meet the study entry criteria will be randomly divided into 2 groups: for half D-PLEX will be administered concomitantly with the standard of care (SOC). The other half will receive the Standard of Care treatment. Following the surgery subjects will be followed up for additional 5 visits, at least half are in line with the routine practice of surgery Follow-Ups. Visits will include patient safety and wound assessments.
The study will be conducted in a pediatric surgery ward, department of pediatrics. Children between the ages of 5 to 17 years who underwent for abdominal surgery will be recruited by simple random sampling. Parents of all the potential participants will receive a written explanation of the trial and given written informed consent forms to be signed prior to their child being involved in the trial. Pre- op physiotherapy education is given to one experimental group and after surgery post operative treatment is given to both the experimental groups. spirometery, 6 minute walk test, 10 meter walk test, Timed up and go test and Nine star stair climbing test will be used for data collection.
The primary objective of this study is to evaluate the performance of the Acumen™ Assisted Fluid Management (AFM) Feature in its ability to predict a subject's fluid responsiveness.
As surgery enters the era of value-based care, it is advocated that postoperative recovery be measured using patient-reported outcomes (PROs) as they provide a mean to incorporate the patient's perspectives and experiences into research and clinical decision-making. In abdominal surgery, this is currently precluded by the lack of PRO measures specifically developed and validated in the context of postoperative recovery. The core goal of this research project is to develop a PRO measure aimed to assess postoperative recovery from the perspective of patients undergoing abdominal surgery. This project complies with the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research (ISPOR) guidelines for PRO development and will be conducted in three phases: Phase 1: Qualitative interviews with patients to develop a conceptual framework and generate relevant items. Phase 2: Use of Rasch Analysis for item-reduction and scale formation. Phase 3: Further assessment of measurement properties based on traditional psychometric methods.
This research study will be conducted in two parts. The first part will consist of selecting appropriate screening and assessment tools for Veterans undergoing elective surgery and identifying the number of Veterans who are malnourished and at risk of malnutrition. The second portion of the study will be to determine if a protein-enhanced diet before and after surgery will improve function and postoperative outcomes and compare the results to an education control group.
The waveform plethysmographic signal can be used to establish an index for predicting fluid responsiveness (∆POP: respiratory variation of the plethysmographic waveform of pulse oximetry). This index was validated in some studies and because of its non-invasiveness it seems very interesting in anesthesia. However, in a previous study the investigators evaluated the correlation between the results provided by this index (∆POP) and those of the reference index (∆PP: pulse pressure variation), and the obtained results were significantly lower than what had been previously described. In this study, the index was calculated from a recording of a filtered signal. This unavoidable application of a filter on anesthesia monitors could contribute to the discrepancy between the ∆POP and the ∆PP. The realization of a new study, comparing ∆PP and ∆POP obtained from an unfiltered plethysmographic signal, should answer the ∆POP ability to be used in place of ∆PP.
The aim of this study is to find which is the best nutritional strategy in cancer patients undergoing abdominal surgery regarding postoperative complications.