View clinical trials related to Abdominal Compartment Syndrome.Filter by:
To identified prevalence, risk factors, and prognostic factors of IAH and ACS in surgical critically ill patients in institutional hospital
The aim of this study is to investigate any direct correlation between increased intrathoracic pressure, intraabdominal pressure and intracranial pressure, following a controlled elevation in intraabdominal pressure and intrathoracic pressure (PEEP). The second end-point is to investigate any correlation between elevated intracranial pressure and vasopressin release, urine output and urine and serum osmolality by measuring their values at different time-points.
This study is being done to compare two different Temporary Abdominal Closure methods that could be used in cases like yours. The methods being compared are the Barker's vacuum packing technique (BVPT) and the Open Abdomen Negative Pressure Therapy System (ABThera).
It is an observational study on ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm and abdominal compartment syndrome. the aim of this study is to assess the qualities of a predictive score on the occurence of this syndrome after surgery of ruptured aortic aneurysm
Abdominal Compartment Syndrome (ACS) is a well known condition occuring in critically ill patients in intensive care units. This syndrome features a sustained intra abdominal hypertension (IAH) above 20 mmHg and a multiple organ failure due to the raise of the intra abdominal pressure. Several reviews described CT findings linked to these conditions, but most of them suffer an insufficient statistical method. Furthermore, the main CT feature described as specific in ACS, Round Belly Sign (RBS), has been highly debated since. This study is aimed to evaluate, in a prospective way, the diagnostic and prognostic value of CT findings in abdominal hypertension and abdominal compartment syndrome patients hosted in intensive care units, based on previous reviews and adding three new CT features described for the first time.
The aim of the proposed study is to determine the incidence and prevalence of intra-abdominal hypertension and abdominal compartment syndrome in consecutive intensive care admissions using broad inclusion criteria.
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the changes of intraocular pressure due to the increase of intra abdominal pressure.
This is a prospective comparison trial. Patients that will be included in the trial are those that will have operations in which their abdominal closure is temporary, i.e. patients sustaining trauma or septic abdomen. Patients will be grouped according to the method of temporarily abdominal closure (TAC) procedure: 1. Vacuum-assisted closure (VAC) 2. "Bogota bag" (BB), a sterile intravenous bag silo closure. The two methods are currently accepted with no clear cut evidence to prefer one on another. At Soroka Medical Center the decision to choose either of the methods is at the surgeon's discretion. Intra-abdominal pressure will be measured in all patients by the urinary bladder pressure technique at 6 12 24 ant 48 hours post operation. The measurement is a routine procedure done as part of the monitoring processes of critically ill patients in the General Intensive Care Unit (GICU). Patients will be evaluated for the development of acute intra abdominal hypertension with or without abdominal compartment syndrome.
This study assess the relation between intra abdominal pressure and collapsibility index of inferior vena cava in emergency bedside ultrasonography before and after fluid therapy.
This pilot study will evaluate the effectiveness in actively removing the peritoneal fluid through the use of a commercial suction device compared to passive drainage of the same peritoneal fluid drained through standard surgical drains under bulb suction only, in critically ill patients who require an "open abdomen". Both techniques being used, the commercial KCI AbThera™ device and home made "Stampede" VAC system, are currently approved for use in Canada and used in our facility. The use or non-use of the open abdomen and its relationship to intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH) and the abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS), the level of IAH must be treated and if so how should be treated - remain controversial. The ultimate treatment for IAH/ACS is to leave the abdominal fascia open after laparotomy, utilizing some form of temporary abdominal closure (TAC) techniques, resulting in an "open abdomen"(OA). The decision to accept an OA can only be made in the operating room and is typically made quite arbitrarily (there is no current standard or protocol),and the TAC used is based on the surgeon's best judgment. The study intends to randomize patients after it has been decided that a TAC is required, which will be applied in the operating room while the patient is fully anesthetized. The only intervention required is to obtain small aliquots (a teaspoonful-15ml) of blood for the evaluation of inflammatory mediators levels, as well as the same volume of intra-peritoneal fluid-that is typically discarded in patients with OA.