View clinical trials related to Abdominal Compartment Syndrome.Filter by:
This study is being done to compare two different Temporary Abdominal Closure methods that could be used in cases like yours. The methods being compared are the Barker's vacuum packing technique (BVPT) and the Open Abdomen Negative Pressure Therapy System (ABThera).
It is an observational study on ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm and abdominal compartment syndrome. the aim of this study is to assess the qualities of a predictive score on the occurence of this syndrome after surgery of ruptured aortic aneurysm
Abdominal Compartment Syndrome (ACS) is a well known condition occuring in critically ill patients in intensive care units. This syndrome features a sustained intra abdominal hypertension (IAH) above 20 mmHg and a multiple organ failure due to the raise of the intra abdominal pressure. Several reviews described CT findings linked to these conditions, but most of them suffer an insufficient statistical method. Furthermore, the main CT feature described as specific in ACS, Round Belly Sign (RBS), has been highly debated since. This study is aimed to evaluate, in a prospective way, the diagnostic and prognostic value of CT findings in abdominal hypertension and abdominal compartment syndrome patients hosted in intensive care units, based on previous reviews and adding three new CT features described for the first time.
The aim of the proposed study is to determine the incidence and prevalence of intra-abdominal hypertension and abdominal compartment syndrome in consecutive intensive care admissions using broad inclusion criteria.
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the changes of intraocular pressure due to the increase of intra abdominal pressure.
This is a prospective comparison trial. Patients that will be included in the trial are those that will have operations in which their abdominal closure is temporary, i.e. patients sustaining trauma or septic abdomen. Patients will be grouped according to the method of temporarily abdominal closure (TAC) procedure: 1. Vacuum-assisted closure (VAC) 2. "Bogota bag" (BB), a sterile intravenous bag silo closure. The two methods are currently accepted with no clear cut evidence to prefer one on another. At Soroka Medical Center the decision to choose either of the methods is at the surgeon's discretion. Intra-abdominal pressure will be measured in all patients by the urinary bladder pressure technique at 6 12 24 ant 48 hours post operation. The measurement is a routine procedure done as part of the monitoring processes of critically ill patients in the General Intensive Care Unit (GICU). Patients will be evaluated for the development of acute intra abdominal hypertension with or without abdominal compartment syndrome.
This study assess the relation between intra abdominal pressure and collapsibility index of inferior vena cava in emergency bedside ultrasonography before and after fluid therapy.
This pilot study will evaluate the effectiveness in actively removing the peritoneal fluid through the use of a commercial suction device compared to passive drainage of the same peritoneal fluid drained through standard surgical drains under bulb suction only, in critically ill patients who require an "open abdomen". Both techniques being used, the commercial KCI AbThera™ device and home made "Stampede" VAC system, are currently approved for use in Canada and used in our facility. The use or non-use of the open abdomen and its relationship to intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH) and the abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS), the level of IAH must be treated and if so how should be treated - remain controversial. The ultimate treatment for IAH/ACS is to leave the abdominal fascia open after laparotomy, utilizing some form of temporary abdominal closure (TAC) techniques, resulting in an "open abdomen"(OA). The decision to accept an OA can only be made in the operating room and is typically made quite arbitrarily (there is no current standard or protocol),and the TAC used is based on the surgeon's best judgment. The study intends to randomize patients after it has been decided that a TAC is required, which will be applied in the operating room while the patient is fully anesthetized. The only intervention required is to obtain small aliquots (a teaspoonful-15ml) of blood for the evaluation of inflammatory mediators levels, as well as the same volume of intra-peritoneal fluid-that is typically discarded in patients with OA.
Intra- abdominal hypertension (IAH) and abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS) are a cause of organ dysfunction in critically ill patients. IAH develops due to abdominal lesions (primary IAH) or extra-abdominal processes (secondary IAH). Secondary IAH arises due to decreased abdominal wall compliance and gut edema caused by capillary leak and excessive fluid resuscitation. Decreasing intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) using decompressieve laparotomy has been shown to improve organ dysfunction. However, laparotomy is generally avoided in patients with secondary IAH due to the risk of abdominal complications. Acute kidney injury (AKI) is one of the first and most pronounced organ failures associated with IAH and many patients with AKI in the ICU require renal replacement therapy (RRT). Fluid removal using continuous RRT (CRRT) has been demonstrated to decrease IAP in small series and selected patients. The aim of this study is to evaluate whether fluid removal using CVVH in patients with IAH, fluid overload and AKI is feasible and whether it has a beneficial effect on organ dysfunction (compared to CVVH without net fluid removal).
Background: Fluid resuscitation is a cornerstone of the initial management of the critically injured trauma patient yet there are numerous controversies surrounding this very common practice. As a result, these controversies have been the subject of numerous clinical trials, evidence-based guidelines and systematic reviews. With the publication of the landmark SAFE Study the equipoise between the 2 treatments (which were representative solutions for colloid and crystalloids respectively), 4% albumin and saline, was established. This has however been brought into further doubt by the paucity of data on the use of hydroxyethylstarches (HES), which are less costly and have less side effects than albumin, in trauma. More recent findings by Gruen and colleagues have shown that as much as 5% of all trauma deaths are the result of fluid overload based on the North American fluid management model for trauma (pure crystalloid fluid management). A meta-analysis done by Kern and Shoemaker found that supranormal fluid resuscitation with crystalloids is beneficial when given before the onset of organ failure in critically ill surgical patients. Balogh and colleagues found out that when supranormal fuid resuscitation with crystalloids was applied to victims of severe trauma, this resulted in a statistically significant increase in the incidence of mortality, multiple organ failure, intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH) and abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS). More recently, Kirkpatrick and colleagues reviewed and defined a 'secondary' ACS as a direct result of fluid resuscitation. They concluded that "excess resuscitation with crystalloid fluids might be harming patients and contributing to an increased occurrence of ACS." This study will serve as a pilot to test the hypothesis that there will be significant differences in clinical outcomes for patients with severe trauma treated with colloid (HES) plus crystalloid and crystalloid only fluid management regimens, most notably the incidence of IAH and ACS. It is hoped that the hybrid colloid (HES) plus crystalloid fluid management regimen will provide a means to avoid the untoward fluid overload and/or other complications of pure crystalloid fluid management and the costs/complications of albumin administration.