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the aim of this study is to study the pharmacokinetics and dynamics of nebulized dexmetedomidine in children undergoing major abdominal cancer surgery.
It is a non-randomized pilot study.The allocation will be determined by patients or their immediate family members who were cooperative with physician's interpretations on the disease progression and updated information of cutting of edge treatment, the financial affordability, availability of treatment plans, possible tolerance or risks etc.The purpose of this study is to investigate the clinical efficacy and toxicity of autologous cellular immunotherapy combined with hyperthermia in abdominal and pelvic malignancies or metastases patients. Furthermore, to characterize response to different regimens,the investigators intent to explore the predictive and prognostic biomarker, as well as the changes in immune repertoire.
Several studies indicate beneficial effects of eicosapentanoic acid (EPA) on cancer cachexia. However, compliance is generally low. This case control study is conducted in order to investigate if compliance depends upon the physical properties of the supplement (capsules vs. drinks). In order to further investigate how compliance can be improved, a possible correlation between sideeffects and rate of increased polyunsaturated fatty acid concentration in blood is also tested
The current opioid epidemic has led to a renewed interest in exploring non-pharmacological techniques to treat post-operative pain. An increasing number of patients are suffering from the adverse effects of opioid use following surgery, including post-operative nausea and vomiting, respiratory depression, immunosuppression, constipation, and most recently, addiction. In the United States, over $600 billion is spent every year on opioid addiction, including $79 billion related to opioid addiction following surgery. Despite many initiatives to decrease the use of opiates in the preoperative setting, opioids continue to be regularly prescribed before, during and after surgery. Although the risk of opioid addiction following surgery is recognized, the percentage of patients becoming addicted to opioids following surgery is not well understood. To date, there has been virtually no agreement regarding the duration and dosage that qualify for opioid dependence following surgery, nor that a clear estimation of the factors such as biological, psychosocial and socioeconomic that increase the risk of using opioids for extended periods of time after surgery. Therefore, in order to combat this growing health crisis at the ground level, it is incumbent upon the medical community to explore alternative methods of pain control to treat the surgical population in order to reduce the incidence of post-operative opioid addiction. Percutaneous Nerve Field Stimulation (PNFS) is one of these recognized methods that ongoing research has shown to be effective as a complementary method of pain management. While PNFS is not a novel concept, clinical indications of auricular field stimulation have been limited in the past due to requirement of bulky, stationary and non-disposable stimulators and electrodes. These technological limitations made it difficult to establish the real clinical potential of auricular stimulation for the perioperative management of pain in surgical patients, despite the demonstration that auriculotherapy has been shown to relieve pain in the postoperative setting. The NSS-2 BRIDGE is a battery operated and disposable percutaneous auricular nerve field stimulator (Innovative Health Solutions, Versailles, IN, USA), that was recently cleared by the FDA and assigned a Class II Risk Designation; a class which includes surgical drapes, pumps and power wheelchairs. The indication for the NSS-2 BRIDGE is for the treatment of clinical symptoms related to opioid consumption and opioid withdrawal. These symptoms include abdominal pain, anxiety and post-operative nausea and vomiting; conditions which are also present following major oncologic abdominal surgery. The use of the NSS-2 BRIDGE device has been demonstrated to provide significant analgesia in patients with abdominal pain syndrome, and clinical trials are ongoing to assess the benefit of this approach for post-operative pain management. As compared to the present use of opioids for perioperative pain management, the use of a complementary, non-pharmacologic approach offers the advantage of analgesia without the associated side effects.
The aim of this study is to investigate whether a temporary increase in tidal volume can predict fluid responsiveness in patients receiving a low tidal volume ventilation in hepatobiliary and pancreatic surgeries. The hypothesis of this study is that a temporary increase in tidal volume from 6 to 8 ml/kg would improve the predictability of PVI in patients receiving low tidal volume ventilation in surgical procedures with large fluid shift as hepatobiliary and pancreatic procedures.
Thoracic epidural analgesia (TEA) can be considered the gold standard for postoperative analgesia in major abdominal surgeries, as proved by a lot of number of systematic reviews and meta-analyses have demonstrated that TEA was associated with superior postoperative analgesia, better patients' outcomes, reducing (systemic opiate requirements, ileus and pulmonary complications). The rectus sheath block (RSB) is effective for the surgeries that necessitated midline abdominal incisions as local anesthetics instillation will be within the posterior rectus sheath bilaterally providing intense analgesia for the middle anterior wall from the xiphoid process to the symphysis pubis in adults.
Magnesium sulfate safety profile has been documented by histopathological analysis in experimental studies. magnesium sulfate added to local anesthetics decrease postoperative opioid requirements.
Dexmedetomidine if add to patient controlled epidural analgesia for patients undergoing major abdominal cancer surgery may improve its effects.
Effective postoperative pain control results in decreased cardiac and pulmonary complications, patient satisfaction and early mobilization. A prospective, randomized comparative study was done of analgesic efficacy, opioid requirement and side effects in patients undergoing lower abdominal cancer surgeries. In Study Group Ultrasound guided Transversus Abdominis Plane (TAP) block was given and control Group no TAP block was given. Patient controlled analgesia (PCA) with intravenous morphine was given to both group patients, and total good PCA demands in both the groups was studied.
This study aims to compare the diagnostic performance of 18F-FDG and 18F-FSPG PET/CT in lung, breast, and abdominal cancers before undergoing therapy. In addition, the role of 18F-FSPG PET/CT in evaluating therapy response and prognosis will also be evaluated.