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Objective: Arterial blood gas (ABG) is essential in the clinical assessment of potential acutely ill patients venous to arterial conversion (v-TAC), a mathematical method, has recently been developed to convert peripheral venous blood gas (VBG) values to arterialized VBG (aVBG) values. The aim of this study is to test the reliability of aVBG compared to ABG in an intensive care unit (ICU) setting. Method: Consecutive patients admitted to the ICU with pH values <7,35 or >7,45 are included in this study. Paired ABG and aVBG samples are drawn from patients via arterial catheter, central venous catheter and/or peripheral venous catheter and compared.
Background: The importance of cecal pathologies lie in the fact that being the first part of large intestine, any disease involving the cecum affects overall functioning of the large bowel. Primary cecal pathologies presenting as acute abdomen have not been described in any previous study in terms of presentation, management and outcome. Objectives: The objective of this study was to identify the reported causes of primary cecal pathologies presenting as acute abdomen and the various causes presenting in Indian setting, to discuss morbidity and mortality associated with cecal pathologies and to critically analyse the various management modalities employed in emergency setting.
Acute abdomen can be defined as "A syndrome induced by wide variety of pathological conditions that require emergent medical or more often surgical management" .There are a plethora of causes that can lead to acute abdomen in children, they vary depending on the ages of the children and can be divided into diseases that can be treated with medical care and those in which emergency surgical intervention must be considered . Ultrasonography is the initial choice in the diagnosis of the different causes of acute abdomen in children [3, 4]. It is very useful as it is non-invasive, cost- effective, repetitive, with no radiation exposure, as good as laparoscopy, can be done even in patients with scarred abdomen .
Contrast to conventional Western medicine, traditional Chinese medicine is the most common used therapy of complementary and alternative medicine. Taiwan inherits traditional Chinese culture, and the people popularly accept traditional Chinese medicine for general diseases. However, most patients with acute or critical illness are used to admit to emergency department for medical services, and then transfer to the department of related specialist for further treatment. During the course of staying at emergent observation room, some diseases do not meet the criteria of admission and keep for evaluation. The longer of staying at emergent observation room the more waste medical resources. The Chinese medicine department of Changhua Christian hospital has treated patients, who consulted us at their own dispense, with subjective discomfort but remained at the emergent observation room. Detailed contents of this study include the Chinese and Western medicine, pharmaceutical, nursing cooperation mode, monitoring clinical effect of treating of the patients diagnosed with intestinal obstruction or ileus who complain about nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, abdominal distension or constipation.And the patients were assigned to the control and treatment group. Then we give the treatment group with the electroacupuncture treatment,and the control groupe with the Chinese medicine seeds and the transcutaneous nerve stimulation (no power).The patients were diagnosed with objective analysis of tongue diagnosis, pulse diagnosis, heart rate variability, and questionnaire of pain. Hope that we can assess the efficacy of both two different treatment,and also assess the cost of medical care, and try to complete the syndromes statistical analysis of traditional Chinese medicine for abdominal pain, building the relevance of Chinese medicine physical assessment teaching and clinical efficacy. The most important of this clinical teaching is that, this is a good opportunity for Chinese medicine and Western medicine to cooperate with each other at the emergency department to confirm the efficacy of traditional Chinese medicine, not only in the field of chronic or geriatric diseases, but also in the field of emergency with the evidence base. This factually achieves communication and integration of Chinese and Western medicine, and benefits the public.
Since Semm et.al. reported the first case of laparoscopic appendectomy in 1983, minimally invasive surgery has become the main stay for treating of many surgical diseases. After the booming in the advancement of surgical instrument and breakthrough in surgical skills, the minimally invasive surgery has been widely applied to neurosurgery, spinal surgery, breast, thyroid, hernia surgery, etc. It has been proved that minimally invasive surgery is safe and effective, and further it achieves compatible results and outcomes in oncology and functional diseases. Minimally invasive surgery in alimentary tract, known as laparoscopic surgery, has been performed in gastric surgery (e.g. gastric cancer, tumor, functional disorders and bariatric surgery), hepatobiliary and pancreatic surgery (e.g. hepatectomy, cholecystectomy, and pancreatectomy), and colorectal surgery (e.g. colorectal cancer and functional bowel disease). Under a superior heritage of surgical skills from Taiwan university hospital, we introduced laparoscopic surgery in 1996 and currently, laparoscopic surgery becomes the mainstay of surgery in Yunlin branch. In 2015, there were 600 laparoscopic surgery in our hospital, while 150 colorectal laparoscopic surgery in the same year. In recent years, single-incisional laparoscopic surgery has emerged to become one of the focused topic in the world and seemly in our department. Through single-incision surgery, we attempted to minimize the incision wound to achieve better cosmesis and faster recovery. By the valuable clinical experiences gathering in our hospital (Yunlin branch) in recent 10 years, we contemplate two-step plans: first, by retrospective data collection, we can explain the clinical problems based on current statistical results. Second, based on prior (step 1) retrospective findings, a prospective study could be conducted for more evident results.
This study aimed to evaluate the correlation between the point of care blood analysis obtained from skin puncture blood and conventional blood analysis obtained from venous and arterial blood.
This is a non-randomized, prospective, population-based, single-center study designed to evaluate conditions resulting emergency admission in patients with abdominal pain. Furthermore, we are interested in how many patients are discharged with "non-specific abdominal pain" but later readmitted and diagnosed with a specific diagnosis.
Abdominal pain is one of the most common reasons for consultation in Emergency Departments (ED) worldwide. The challenge for physicians is to not misdiagnose a surgical emergency. The actual gold standard for diagnosis is computed tomography (CT). However with this procedure there is high radiation exposure and a risk factor of radiation-induced cancers, therefore alternative diagnostic techniques should be considered. The aim of this study is to evaluate the performance of measuring venous lactate in patients presenting with acute abdominal pain in ED. In this single-center, prospective, non-interventional study, the diagnostic accuracy of venous lactate in order to detect surgical emergencies is evaluated. The hypothesis made here is that venous lactatemia is a positive predictive factor of surgical emergencies in patients with acute abdominal pain.
There are only few recognized indications for the realization of plain abdominal X-rays in the emergency departement. The objective of this study is to explore the reasons for abdominal plain X-rays prescription in the Emergency departments (EDs) of two hospitals.
There is ample evidence that pain in children is under recognized and under treated. This is especially true for acute abdominal pain, a common complaint in the paediatric emergency department. Clinicians often fear that analgesia will obscure the diagnosis of a potentially surgical condition. As a result, acute abdominal pain goes untreated in many children, as there is no standard of care. Hyoscine N-butylbromide (Buscopan) has been used successfully in adults and children for pain associated with urinary tract infections and kidney stones for over 60 years. However, no study has explored its usefulness in relieving acute abdominal pain in children. The objectives of this study are to investigate to what degree Buscopan is effective in relieving abdominal pain in children compared to acetaminophen.