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What is a clinical trial?

Although there are many definitions of clinical trials, they are generally considered to be biomedical or health-related research studies in human beings that follow a pre-defined protocol. We have both interventional & observational types of studies. Interventional studies are those in which the research subjects are assigned by the investigator to a treatment or other intervention, and their outcomes are measured. Observational studies are those in which individuals are observed and their outcomes are measured by the investigators.

Current & upcoming clinical trials - Updated 10/26/2014
October 2014 - March 2017
The study hopes to determine whether patients with left-sided breast cancer are at an increased risk of cardiac changes due to radiation to the breast +/- Anthracycline-based chemotherapy +/- Herceptin and whether a deep inspiration breath hold (DIBH) technique during radiotherapy treatments would further reduce dosimetric dose to the heart as compared to the conventional free breathing (FB) technique thus reducing cardiac toxicity as measured by cardiac MRI using left ventricular end-diastolic volume (LVEDV) as a metric. Bio fluid samples will also be collected to investigate specific biomarkers of breast cancer: BNP, PIIINP and CITP
Sponsor: AHS Cancer Control Alberta
Study type: Interventional
October 2014 - October 2015
This pilot study looks to explore the biological effects of exercise on cancer and muscle cells using a two week exercise program (HIThigh intensity training) on 20 patients with newly diagnosed and operable colorectal cancer following diagnosis and prior to surgery. Maximal oxygen uptake will also be measured. The aim of this pilot is to assess the feasibility of recruiting participants to and carrying out a two week preoperative exercise program in patients with colorectal cancer.
Sponsor: The Royal Bournemouth Hospital
Study type: Interventional
October 2014 - March 2017
The purpose of this study is to determine if cryotherapy can effectively decrease the rate of neuropathy in patients undergoing weekly paclitaxel treatments.
Sponsor: Medical Oncology & Hematology Associates of Northern Virginia
Study type: Interventional
October 2014 - October 2015
Childhood obesity is a major area of concern for health care and public health. Overweight children are more likely overweight and obese adults. Chronic health problems associated with adult obesity are now occurring more frequently in children. Because of the associated health problems and potential for long term struggles with obesity, intervention early in life is essential for addressing the obesity epidemic. Some intervention work in this area has focused on the pediatric primary care setting in order to utilize the influence and credibility of medical providers. Unfortunately, primary care visits are often too short to spend a significant amount of time on issues of diet, weight and nutrition. There has been very little work exploring the potential of alternative care settings, such as the pediatric Emergency Department (ED) in addressing childhood obesity. While provider time is also limited in the ED, there is often a considerable amount of downtime during emergency department visits that could be valuable time for patient and parent education. There may also be an opportunity to reach parents and children in the ED who do not regularly utilize primary care. In order to explore the possibility of pediatric obesity interventions in Children's Pediatric Emergency Department, we will need to measure the prevalence of obesity in the population that utilizes the Children's ED. The height of patients seen in the ED is not routinely measured, which makes calculating BMI to determine obesity impossible. This study, establishing the prevalence of obesity in Children's Emergency Department will lay the groundwork for future work addressing obesity in the ED.
Sponsor: Children's Hospitals and Clinics of Minnesota
Study type: Observational
October 2014 -
The purpose of this study is to evaluate whether trastuzumab and letrozole are effective and safe in the preoperative treatment for postmenopausal patients with hormone receptor-positive and HER2-positive breast cancer.
Sponsor: Gangnam Severance Hospital
Study type: Interventional
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