Clinical Trials

Top Clinical Trials Today

What is a clinical trial?

Although there are many definitions of clinical trials, they are generally considered to be biomedical or health-related research studies in human beings that follow a pre-defined protocol. We have both interventional & observational types of studies. Interventional studies are those in which the research subjects are assigned by the investigator to a treatment or other intervention, and their outcomes are measured. Observational studies are those in which individuals are observed and their outcomes are measured by the investigators.

Current & upcoming clinical trials - Updated 4/20/2014
May 2014 - November 2014
Patients who are diagnosed with breast cancer will have surgery to remove the tumour. Where this is a local excision not mastectomy, the tissue removed is sent for x-ray imaging to assess that the abnormality has been removed and give an estimation of the distance from lesion to specimen edge. This allows the surgeon to decide whether to remove more tissue or not at the time. This study is designed to compare whether more accurate information about lesion to margin measurement can be obtained using 3 dimensional tomosynthesis imaging compared to 2 dimensional conventional digital imaging which is the type of imaging currently used. This has the potential to prevent some patients requiring a second operation to remove more tissue if the margins of the specimen are still involved with tumour. The study involves x-raying the specimen under both conditions when it arrives from theatre. Only the 2D image will be reviewed at the time as is current practice. The 3D image will be reviewed later and the measurements for lesion to specimen margin compared. The lesion to margin measurement as recorded by the pathologist will be taken as the 'gold standard' and the imaging measurements will also be compared to that. In theory, the use of 3D tomosynthesis should allow more accurate lesion to margin measurement because 3D can provide better visualisation of the lesion edges by removing the effect of superimposed tissue. The hypothesis states that the use of 3 dimensional tomosynthesis imaging should provide better lesion visualisation compared to 2 dimensional conventional digital imaging thus allowing more accurate lesion to margin measurement.
Sponsor: Sandwell & West Birmingham Hospitals NHS Trust
Study type: Interventional
April 2014 -
This is a double-blinded, placebo-controlled trial in men and women, 40-75 years old, diagnosed with pancreatic or cholangiocarcinoma cancer. Patients will receive placebo or sildenafil daily for 4 weeks during their initial chemotherapy cycle.
Sponsor: The University of Texas, Galveston
Study type: Interventional
April 2014 - December 2016
Breast cancer biomarkers are usually performed on core needle biopsy (CNB) specimens and are not routinely repeated on surgical specimens (SS). However, preliminary data suggests that testing these biomarkers, on SS when compared to CNB samples can lead to different results. Our hypothesis is that The aim of this study is to identify a group of women with invasive breast cancer who may benefit from additional HER2 testing on their SS to ensure that areas of HER2 amplification are not missed. Another aim is to determine whether further HER2 testing on the SS in select patients would lead to changes in breast cancer treatment options.
Sponsor: Anne Arundel Health System Research Institute
Study type: Observational
April 2014 - October 2016
This is a Phase 2 study to see if an investigational drug, ANG1005, can shrink tumor cells in HER2+ breast cancer patients with recurrent brain metastases.
Sponsor: Angiochem Inc
Study type: Interventional
April 2014 - February 2016
This is a phase Ib single arm, open-label, multiple dose, dose escalating, safety, pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic study of the combination of PF-05212384 with paclitaxel and carboplatin. The study will be conducted in adult patients with advanced breast, NSCLC, ovarian or endometrial cancer for whom there is an indication to the use of paclitaxel and carboplatin. Successive cohorts of patients will receive escalating doses of PF-05212384 in combination with paclitaxel and carboplatin, starting at a dose level determined to be the 60% of single agent MTD. The study will consist of two parts: the dose finding part (Part 1) and the expansion part (Part 2). During Part 1 patients with breast, NSCLC, ovary and endometrial cancer will be enrolled. During Part 2, only patients with ovarian cancer will be enrolled. In Part 1, a 3+3 design is employed. Once the MTD of the combination is defined in Part 1, Part 2 is performed for a better definition of the safety profile, of the potential antitumor activity and of the pharmacodynamic effects of the combination; it will be conducted in at least 12 patients with ovarian cancer. Approximately 40 patients are expected to be enrolled in the study overall.
Sponsor: Oncology Institute of Southern Switzerland
Study type: Interventional
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